Springfield

   1) SPRINGFIELD, a village, in the parish of Graitney, county of Dumfries, 4 miles (W.) from Longtown, in England; containing 453 inhabitants. This is a neat and well-built village, situated on a dry and healthy soil, on the west bank of the Sark. It was commenced in 1791, upon the estate of Sir William Maxwell, of Springkell, on building leases for ninety-nine years; in 1793 it already consisted of about forty houses, and since that time it has considerably increased, owing to the many advantages it possesses with respect to situation. The river is well adapted for machinery; the small sea-port of Sarkfoot is not above a mile distant; and the two great roads from England to the west of Scotland pass through it. About a fourth of a mile south of the village is Graitney, or Gretna, green, so celebrated for the matrimonial trade that has been carried on there for a number of years.
   See Graitney.
   2) SPRINGFIELD, a village, in the parish and district of Cupar, county of Fife, ½ a mile (N.) from the town of Cupar; containing 480 inhabitants. It is situated in the western portion of the parish, on the high road from Cupar to Rathillet, and is chiefly inhabited by persons connected with the trade of the town of Cupar and the several manufactures carried on in the parish: the houses are neatly built, and the village is rapidly increasing in extent and population.

A Topographical dictionary of Scotland. . 1856.

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